Dysentery is a painful intestinal infection that is usually caused by bacteria and rarely by parasites. (MEDBROADCAST)

There are two types:

Bacillary dysentery: caused by the shigella bacteria, of which there are four types, that enters the body through the mouth and then multiplies in the bowel
Amoebic dysentery: is caused when a parasite enters the body through contaminated food and drink, it lives in the intestine, causing infection (NHS)

Children are the most vulnerable to this, as diarrhoea, which is one of the symptoms, can lead to dehydration which can be fata

For each type of dysentery the following symptoms may arise

o Diarrhoea, sometimes containing blood, mucus or pus in severe cases
o Vomiting,
o Abdominal pain,
o Fever
o Feeling down or depressed.

Symptoms will occur within a few days for bacillary dysentery, whereas they may not arise for months or even years in the case of Amoebic dysentery. (NHS)

Dysentery can be treated by a course of antibiotics

It is essential to replace fluids lost through diarrhoea to avoid dehydration

Also, it dysentery can lead to an intolerance to milk, and other products with lactose, so it is best to avoid this and eat a bland diet. (MEDBROADCAST)

Only eat cooked foods that have been heated to a high temperature. Do not eat cooked foods that have cooled.

Do not eat raw vegetables. Avoid species of fruits without peels. Open fruits with peels yourself.

Washing hands after going to the toilet.

(SOURCE: http://www.distanthealer.co.uk/children_common_illnesses.htm)

Only use commercially bottled or boiled water, to drink, wash in, brush teeth and for ice (MEDBROADCAST)

Bartlett, C.L.R (1996) “An Overview of Emerging foodborne and waterborne diseases” Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal” vol. 2, no.1, pp 51-60

NHS Direct

Treatment and Prevention