Typhoid fever, also known as enteric fever or bilious fever, is an illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi.


Common worldwide, it is passed on by the ingestion of food or water contaminated with faeces from an infected person.

Optimal temperature is 37 degrees Celsius which is often the temperature of countries such as Kenya which experience huge amounts of typhoid.

The following symptoms may occur:

Typhoid fever is characterized by a constant fever as high as 40°C (104°F),



A rash of flat, rose-colored spots may appear.


Abdomen is distended and painful

Antibiotics, have been commonly used to treat typhoid fever in developed countries.

When untreated, typhoid fever persists for three weeks to a month.

Death occurs in between 10% and 30% of untreated cases.

Sanitation and hygiene are the critical measures

Transmission is only from human to human.

Avoid collecting water from rivers in which humans bathe as they are ideal grounds for typhoid to spread

Careful food preparation and washing of hands are therefore crucial to preventing typhoid.

Treatment and preventation


Facts and figures